Today Lima with suburbs is huge and have claimed large land areas that were previously lagoons and wetlands made from rivers and springs fed by the Andes.

Fortunately there is a tiny portion protected in Lima – Pantanos de Villa Wildlife Refuge – a Ramsar site. When I visited it was low season in regards to birds, but it was a huge amount of spiders there! This species was very conspicuous in that it was high in the vegetation, but also due to it’s incredible shape and patterns.

Do you see a smile here?

Spiny orb-weaver (Gasteracantha cancriformis)

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