Archive for 'Plants'

Socotra bottle tree (Adenium obesum ssp. socotranum)

It’s amazing how this species is able to thrive on bare rock! Aperture: ƒ/9 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 1250 Shutter speed: 1/320 s

Leucas virgata

I found very few with flowers, and only this one with a health flower and intact foliage. All plants were stunted due to heavy grazing by goats. Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/10 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 1250 Shutter speed: 1/320 s

Leucas virgata

I found very few with flowers, and only this one with a healthy flower. All plants were stunted due to heavy grazing by goats. Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/16 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 1250 Shutter speed: 1/320 s

Adiantum balfourii

Right outside Hoq cave in the northeast of Socotra I found many plant species benefiting from the water dripping from the cave, orchids and ferns like this one. further away from the opening and the drought is way underway with most plants now drooping or already completely crisp and dried. Aperture: ƒ/10 Camera: NIKON D4 […]

Exacum affine

Mesmerizingly beautiful plants when in bloom! If the plant has found a better than average place to grow, and against all odds have not been stunted by goats, it will produce a huge number of flowers and that is truly a magnificent sight! Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/16 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 1250 Shutter […]

Exacum affine

These were located alongside the stream between the dunes of Archer in the north of Socotra. Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/16 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 1250 Shutter speed: 1/250 s

Helichrysum sp

Resembles helichrysum gracilipes, but I’ve not found documentation on a wide variation on the inflorescence or leaves – only color variation of pink to white flowers. This one has a symmetrical flower, opposed to asymmetrical or zygomorphic in gracilipes, and leaf-tip (on stem) is pointed, opposed to rounded on gracilipes Please help me identify it […]

Libinhania gracilipes

A slender and fragile plant with flowers I’m surprised were not eaten by the goats. I found it on my way to Hoq cave – quite close to the opening, so moisture was still available for the plants to complete flowering. Aperture: ƒ/10 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 1250 Shutter speed: 1/1600 s

Libinhania gracilipes

A slender and fragile plant with flowers I’m surprised were not eaten by the goats. I found it on my way to Hoq cave – quite close to the opening, so moisture was still available for the plants to complete flowering. Aperture: ƒ/13 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 1250 Shutter speed: 1/640 s

Helichrysum sp

Resembles helichrysum gracilipes, but I’ve not found documentation on a wide variation on the inflorescence or leaves – only color variation of pink to white flowers. This one has asymmetrical flower, opposed to asymmetrical or zygomorphic in gracilipes. I found it on my way to Hoq cave – quite close to the opening, so moisture […]

Achyranthes aspera

This is the only specimen I found growing out in the open landscape that was not eaten by goats. Perhaps it was intact because it was leaning against a rock? The other ones I found were growing inside other plants that were either unpalatable or to thorny for the goats to bother reaching for them. […]

Exacum affine

Very eye-catching flowers, so much so that quite a few know them from florists as a house plant. These were located alongside the stream between the dunes of Archer in the north of Socotra.. Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/20 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 640 Shutter speed: 1/320 s

Limonium paulayanum

A very hardy plant that I found commonly in the Archer area in the north-east where it grows close to the ocean and thus the salt. I found very few with open flowers during my visit. Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/10 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 1000 Shutter speed: 1/640 s

Limonium paulayanum

A very hardy plant that I found commonly in the Archer area in the north-east where it grows close to the ocean and thus the salt. Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/9 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 1600 Shutter speed: 1/1000 s

Socotra plant 21

Yet another species in the fabaceae family and quite common too. This is from the Archer sea-side in the north-east. Please help me identify it – leave a comment 🙂 Aperture: ƒ/9 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 1600 Shutter speed: 1/1000 s

Socotra plant 21

Yet another species in the fabaceae family and quite common too. This is from the Archer sea-side in the north-east. Please help me identify it – leave a comment 🙂 Aperture: ƒ/11 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 1600 Shutter speed: 1/400 s

Placopoda virgata

I had to look far and wide to find a plant with flowers, as they all seemed past their prime flowering season, but at least I did find this one which also had health leaves, albeit on a stunted plant due to the goats! Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/14 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 1600 […]

Placopoda virgata

I had to look far and wide to find a plant with flowers, as they all seemed past their prime flowering season, but at least I did find this one! Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/14 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 1600 Shutter speed: 1/200 s

Cyperus conglomeratus

This is high up on one of the dunes in Archer on the northeast coast of Socotra. This was the only one of its species here, and it has survived change in a way that’s quite remarkable. For one this place is sandblasted for months, during which this is not a place even for humans. […]

Cyperus conglomeratus

This is high up on one of the dunes in Archer on the northeast coast of Socotra. This was the only one of its species here, and it has survived change in a way that’s quite remarkable. For one this place is sandblasted for months, during which this is not a place even for humans. […]

Cyperus conglomeratus

An amazing plant that can survive being completely covered by sand for long periods. During my visit the plant was in a situation completely opposite – the roots were out in the open, and it looked like long tentacles. Yet it was vital and in full bloom! The root system seems extraordinarily wide and deep […]

Atriplex farinosa (Chenopodiaceae)

The sand dunes of Erissel – the Socotra east cape – have some very specialized plants thriving in the wind-swept sand. This species was in some places growing so dense that it seemed like a silvery thicket. This location is windswept and hot, with only rain or brackish water available, but this is a specialist […]

Atriplex farinosa (Chenopodiaceae)

The sand dunes of Erissel – the Socotra east cape – have some very specialized plants thriving in the wind-swept sand. This species was in some places growing so dense that it seemed like a silvery thicket. This location is windswept and hot, with only rain or brackish water available, but this is a specialist […]

Kohautia socotrana

This flower is so elusive! I found one flower, and marked the spot so I would find it when I returned with my camera. Alas! I did not find it. It’s color is very similar to the ground in which it grows, and it’s so slender and skinny that even fully opened flowers are easily […]

Kohautia socotrana

This flower is so elusive! I found one flower, and marked the spot so I would find it when I returned with my camera. Alas! I did not find it. It’s color is very similar to the ground in which it grows, and it’s so slender and skinny that even fully opened flowers are easily […]

Trachyspermum pimpinelloides

The specimens I found close to the beach were small and early in their development of inflorescences, which is perhaps the most beautiful stage of any plant. Aperture: ƒ/18 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 1000 Shutter speed: 1/250 s

Trachyspermum pimpinelloides

I was in luck to find plants with inflorescences! Most were early in their development, and I found them not far from the beach in the north east of the island. Aperture: ƒ/18 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 800 Shutter speed: 1/320 s

Aloe perryi

It’s amazing how localized the rain and climate is on this island, and when it comes to this species I was about to give up, as all were long past blooming season, and none had any sign of stalks. Except this one on my way to the dragon blood tree forest. Another gift! Endemic. Aperture: […]

Ficus cordata ssp. salicifolia

Like so many plant species on Socotra, this species can get a foothold on bare rock! Aperture: ƒ/9 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 800 Shutter speed: 1/320 s

Cucumis prophetarum

The entirety of this cucumber plant is really fascinating, and I’ve never seen it before, nor do I know if it’s an endemic or not. Please help me identify it – leave a comment Aperture: ƒ/14 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 200 Shutter speed: 1/640 s

Cucumis prophetarum

The entirety of this cucumber plant is really fascinating, and I’ve never seen it before, nor do I know if it’s an endemic or not. Aperture: ƒ/14 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 200 Shutter speed: 1/640 s

Cucumis prophetarum

I don’t know the color of the ripe fruit, but this one was swollen and seemed to be nearing it’s final stages for seed dispersal. The early stage of the fruit. Aperture: ƒ/13 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 200 Shutter speed: 1/640 s

Corbichonia decumbens

This one I found on the riverside of Kalesan gorge, which means it must endure flash floods – impressive! Aperture: ƒ/13 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 200 Shutter speed: 1/640 s

Corbichonia decumbens

This one I found on the riverside of Kalesan gorge, which means it must endure flash floods – impressive! Aperture: ƒ/13 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 200 Shutter speed: 1/640 s

Phyllanthus maderaspatensis

I found this species on dry riverbeds. Aperture: ƒ/16 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 1000 Shutter speed: 1/200 s

Phyllanthus maderaspatensis

I found this species on dry riverbeds. Aperture: ƒ/16 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 1000 Shutter speed: 1/200 s

Aloe perryi

It’s amazing how localized the rain and climate is on this island, and when it comes to this species I was about to give up, as all were long past blooming season, and none had any sign of stalks. Except this one on my way to the dragon blood tree forest. It had flowers and […]

Lachnocapsa spathulata UV

Yet another species with very dark flowers in UV. Aperture: ƒ/8 Camera: NIKON D7100 Focal length: 105mm ISO: 800 Shutter speed: 1/100 s

Kalanchoe farinacea

I found several plants of this species, but only this one with vital flowers and with really beautiful leaves. It stands on the bare face of a rock overlooking a river valley (Wadi Kalesan) in the northeast of Socotra. Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/11 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 1600 Shutter speed: 1/500 s

Kalanchoe farinacea

I found several plants of this species, but only this one with vital flowers. It stands on the bare face of a rock overlooking a river valley (Wadi Kalesan) in the northeast of Socotra. A beautiful plant with or without flowers. A plant at its best – out in the wild and not in a […]

Lachnocapsa spathulata

Very soft to the touch. In addition the hairs reflect sunlight, perhaps to significantly reduce water evaporation and overheating during growth. Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/18 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 1000 Shutter speed: 1/640 s

Lachnocapsa spathulata

One of very few of this species with flowers, and being so late in the season, even this one had just a single flower left. A gift! Is this a variation of the species, or a subspecies? Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/11 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 800 Shutter speed: 1/640 s

Caralluma socotrana

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Caralluma socotrana

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Euphorbia spiralis

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Euphorbia spiralis

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Lotus ononopsis

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Lotus ononopsis

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Lotus ononopsis UV

This one was a surprise in UV all dark as it is, except for two tiny openings in the center. Aperture: ƒ/8 Camera: NIKON D7100 Focal length: 105mm ISO: 800 Shutter speed: 1/100 s

Achyranthes aspera

The inflorescence can grow very long, and this one was at least 50 cm long protected as it was inside the huge Juncus socotranus. Otherwise this would have been consumed by the goats! I was in fact in luck to even find this excellent section of foliage! Aperture: ƒ/13 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm […]

Achyranthes aspera

The inflorescence can grow very long, and this one was at least 50 cm long protected as it was inside the huge Juncus socotranus. Otherwise this would have been consumed by the goats! Aperture: ƒ/20 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 800 Shutter speed: 1/800 s

Ruellia insignis UV

Very prominent against dark leaves and the rocks in UV. Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/8 Camera: NIKON D7100 Focal length: 105mm ISO: 800 Shutter speed: 1/100 s

Ruellia insignis

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Ruellia insignis

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Aerva javanica

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Aerva javanica

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Teucrium socotranum

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Teucrium socotranum

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Dicliptera effusa

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Dicliptera effusa

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Evolvulus alsinoides UV

Almost same color in visible as in UV (although UV light is only an approximate and subjective projection, it is after all invisible to humans!), but the brighter center in visible is dark in UV, making it blander in UV. Aperture: ƒ/8 Camera: NIKON D7100 Focal length: 105mm ISO: 800 Shutter speed: 1/100 s

Evolvulus alsinoides

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Evolvulus alsinoides

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Asystasia gangetica UV

Mostly white in visible light but dark in UV. Aperture: ƒ/8 Camera: NIKON D7100 Focal length: 105mm ISO: 800 Shutter speed: 1/100 s

Asystasia gangetica

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Blue pimpernell (Anagallis arvensis var. caerulea) UV

Brighter in UV than in visible light, but the center is less prominent and the yellow stamens are very dark. Aperture: ƒ/8 Camera: NIKON D7100 Focal length: 105mm ISO: 800 Shutter speed: 1/100 s

Blue pimpernell (Anagallis arvensis var. caerulea)

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Blue pimpernell (Anagallis arvensis var. caerulea)

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Asystasia gangetica

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Campylanthus spinosus

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Campylanthus spinosus UV

Quite dark in UV and very prominent on the otherwise bright plant and rocks. Aperture: ƒ/8 Camera: NIKON D7100 Focal length: 105mm ISO: 800 Shutter speed: 1/100 s

Campylanthus spinosus

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Eeuphorbia kischenensis

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant […]

Oldenlandia pulvinata UV

Bright in visible but quite dark in UV. Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/8 Camera: NIKON D7100 Focal length: 105mm ISO: 800 Shutter speed: 1/100 s

Oldenlandia pulvinata

I found very few still with flowers, but when in prime flowering season these mats will be all-white with flowers. Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/20 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 400 Shutter speed: 1/250 s

Oldenlandia pulvinata

I found very few still with flowers, but when in prime flowering season these mats will be all-white with flowers. At least I got a clear view of the leaves 🙂 Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/20 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 400 Shutter speed: 1/250 s

Helichrysum sp.

Resembles helichrysum gracilipes, but I’ve not found documentation on a wide variation on the inflorescence or leaves – only color variation of pink to white flowers. This one has asymmetrical flower, opposed to asymmetrical or zygomorphic in gracilipes. I found it on my way to Hoq cave – quite close to the opening, so moisture […]

Helichrysum sp. UV

Nothing unusual in UV for this species. Please help me with positive id – leave a comment 🙂 Aperture: ƒ/8 Camera: NIKON D7100 Focal length: 105mm ISO: 800 Shutter speed: 1/100 s

Helichrysum sp.

Resembles balfourii and paulayanum, but don’t have any reference on foliage. Please help me with positive id – leave a comment 🙂 Aperture: ƒ/14 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 250 Shutter speed: 1/1250 s

Juncus socotranus

A very large species – at least 2 meters tall! Aperture: ƒ/9 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 640 Shutter speed: 1/320 s

Exacum affine

This one was growing alongside a small stream at around 300 meters above sea. Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/9 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 1000 Shutter speed: 1/250 s

Exacum affine UV

No surprises in UV, except that all the parts of the flower appear uniformly dark and that the brightest areas to us are the darkest of all. Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/8 Camera: NIKON D7100 Focal length: 105mm ISO: 800 Shutter speed: 1/100 s

Exacum affine

This one was growing alongside a small stream at around 300 meters above sea. Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/22 Camera: NIKON D4 Focal length: 210mm ISO: 800 Shutter speed: 1/250 s

Phyla nodiflora

This species is found in or alongside streams, and in some places form dense mats or even fields, completely dominating the floral expression. Here I only found a few scattered plants. Strangely these plants seem to be left alone by goats! I found a completely intact colony by the huge dunes in the north – […]

Phyla nodiflora UV

No surprises in UV light. Aperture: ƒ/8 Camera: NIKON D7100 Focal length: 105mm ISO: 800 Shutter speed: 1/100 s

Phyla nodiflora

This species is found in or alongside streams, and in some places form dense mats or even fields, completely dominating the floral expression. Here I only found a few scattered plants. Strangely these plants seem to be left alone by goats! I found a completely intact colony by the huge dunes in the north – […]

Caralluma socotrana UV

A mesmerizing flower in shape, texture and color which is almost completely dark in UV. Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/8 Camera: NIKON D7100 Focal length: 105mm ISO: 800 Shutter speed: 1/100 s

Socotra bottle tree (Adenium obesum ssp. socotranum) UV

This flower is incredibly beautiful and one of two icons of Socotra, but in UV it has no surprises – ladd rather dark, and without any patterns not seen in visible light. Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/8 Camera: NIKON D7100 Focal length: 105mm ISO: 800 Shutter speed: 1/100 s

Socotra bottle tree (Adenium obesum ssp. socotranum)

Perhaps the most photographed and most famous of all plants on Socotra! Some grow to impressive sizes, while others are more modest – common is their ability to store water in their trunk, and thus you may see them in bloom long after the last rain. One part of the island you may see none […]

Limonium paulayanum

This species looks like a mix between Limonium sokotranum (long an circular leaves) and paulayanum (oval and wider than long leaves and leaves about half in length to the sokotranum), but is just a variation of paulayanum as the leaves are flat, opposed to the circular of the sokotranum. Endemic. Aperture: ƒ/10 Camera: NIKON D4 […]